Professional Development Workshops (PDWs)


November 15, 2017 at 13.15–17:00
Lund School of Economics and Management


Professional Development Workshops (PDWs) were included in the programme of the RENT pre-conference day for the first time at RENT XXIX in Zagreb 2015. The concept proved to be successful and PDWs are now part of the pre-conference day. PDWs are workshops to share knowledge and expertise and foster practical, professional and intellectual skills of participants.

Participation in PDWs is free, but participants need to be registered for the conference in order to join. Also pre-registration for PDWs is mandatory as PDWs have a maximum of 30 participants each.

Location: Rooms EC1:136 and EC1:137, main bulding of Lund University School of Economics and Management (map)

Deadline for registrations for PDWs: 13th November 2017 by e-mail to


Programme (detailed information on the PDWs below):


13.15-15.00 Room EC1:136: Progressing in Academic Peer Reviewing -The Good, The Bad and the Ugly
13.15-15.00 Room EC1:137: New Directions for Research on Entrepreneurship and Embeddedness
15.00-15.15 Break
15.15-17.00 Room EC1:136: How Are We Supporting Entrepreneurs? Research & Practice
15.15-17.00 Room EC1:137: Disadvantage Entrepreneurship: from Shadow to the Light
Progressing in Academic Peer Reviewing -The Good, The Bad and the Ugly

Progressing in Academic Peer Reviewing
The Good, The Bad and the Ugly


Erno Tornikoski, PhD
Grenoble Ecole de Management
Consulting Editor (ISBJ)
Member of Review Board (JBV, ETP, JSBM, JWB)



Finishing a PhD thesis is easy… well, relatively easy. Becoming a recognized and influential member of the scientific community of your field, on the contrary, is a real challenge to any scholar. This challenge is a particular problem for aspiring scholars (late PhD student, postdoctoral fellows, junior faculty members, etc.), who are just entering the academic world. To achieve recognition and a position of influence in one’s field does not require magic, superior personal connections, or innate personality characteristics (although they could help…). Instead, integration and socialization into the academic world can be the result of purposeful practices that everyone can learn.

To facilitate the integration and socialization of scholars into the academic world, in this PDW we focus on one primary practice, namely peer reviewing. Indeed, the primary objective of an academic scholar is to produce and disseminate knowledge, generally through academic publications. Peer reviewing is a fundamentally important and shared responsibility that is deeply held among academic scholars: “Reviewers are the unsung heroes of academia.” (Baruch, Sullivan, Schepmyer, 2006: xii). For these reasons, academic peer reviewing is seen as one of the main means to get recognition and have an influence in shaping one’s own field.

In the PDW we do not merely emphasize the importance of peer reviewing for the progress of one’s academic career, or for the science in general, but also offer concrete ways to improve the peer reviewing capabilities of the participants. More specifically, we focus on how scholar could start learning the difficult but necessary skills of developmental peer reviewing. Those who are not yet experts in it, the good news is that peer reviewing is not science, nor art; it is practices that can be learnt. In developmental peer reviewing you practice the skills to evaluate the rigor, relevance, and value of submitted manuscripts, and help the authors uplift their work. Peer reviewing in turn will help you to write your own manuscripts better, and also prepare yourself for open exchanges between you and the reviewers of your own manuscripts.

As such, this PDW is designed to accelerate the professional development of scholars and strengthen their involvement in the academic world especially at the early stages of their academic careers. The workshop is built around active exchanges between junior and senior scholars, who have extensive experiences in academic peer reviewing and publishing.

New Directions for Research on Entrepreneurship and Embeddedness

New Directions for Research on Entrepreneurship and Embeddedness


Caroline Wigren, Lund University
Gry Alsos, Nord University
Ethel Brundin, Jönköping University
Jorunn Grande, Nord University
Elisabeth Ljunggren, Nord University
Karin Hellerstedt, Jönköping University
Anna Stevenson, Lund University
Lea Fünfschilling, Lund University
Steffen Korsgaard, University of Southern Denmark


Theme of the PDW

Embeddedness in social, institutional, economic or spatial contexts has been consistently found to help entrepreneurs overcome liabilities of newness and smallness (Jack & Anderson, 2002; Kloosterman, 2010; Korsgaard, Ferguson, & Gaddefors, 2015; McKeever, Jack, & Anderson, 2015; Thornton, 1999; Welter, 2011). Existing research has shown for instance how embeddedness in social networks has been found to enable entrepreneurs to access resources, build legitimacy and enhance performance, and spatial proximity to other entrepreneurial ventures, research institutions etc. can enable entrepreneurs to benefit from knowledge spill-over and learning effects. Conversely, a lacking embeddedness may hinder entrepreneurial startup and success. Nascent entrepreneurs who are somehow marginalized with regards to social status (through e.g. gender), institutional access (through e.g. immigrant status) or spatial location (e.g. rural entrepreneurs) may thus find themselves even more disadvantaged then other nascent entrepreneurs (Carter, Mwaura, Ram, Trehan, & Jones, 2015; Ram, Jones, & Villares-Varela, 2017).

The empirical research on the embeddedness of entrepreneurs, has hitherto adopted a relatively static and uni-dimensional approach focusing on e.g social, institutional, economic or spatial context alone. This has provided us with solid understanding of how embeddedness in a specific context, or bridging across specific contexts (e.g. separate social contexts) enables entrepreneurship.

Notably, however, a number of important aspects have been less researched. These aspects include dynamic approaches to embeddedness exploring how entrepreneurs become embedded or disembedded, as well as the relations between different forms of context and potential positive or negative intersectional effects of being embedded in certain ways in social and institutional contexts. An example of this may be entrepreneurs with strong social embeddedness in specific networks but strong institutional disembeddedness, as may be the case with immigrant entrepreneurs.

Gaining a deeper understanding of the complexities of embedding and disembedding processes across multiple contexts is vital for understanding how embeddedness enables and constrains entrepreneurial activities, no less so in an increasing globalized and conflictual world, where marginalized and mobile groups of individuals will need to explore entrepreneurship as a career option.

Outline of the PDW

The purpose of the PDW is to establish a theoretically informed discussion about the future of research into entrepreneurship and embeddedness. The structure of the PDW will support this through a highly interactive format. The PDW will open with a short summary of the current state of research on entrepreneurship and embeddedness, based partly on a literature review currently being done by some of the organisers. Afterwards there will be a panel discussion featuring three-four prominent scholars in the field of entrepreneurship who have all be working with different aspects of entrepreneurship and embeddedness. Confirmed panellists include Friederike Welter, Monder Ram and Alistair Anderson. The panel debate will be moderated by one of the organizers and combine short points from the panel on a set of specific questions with open questions from the audience.

Target group and take-aways

We believe that this PDW will be relevant for the majority of the attendants of the RENT conference. Not only are the concepts of embeddedness and context traditionally strong research themes at the RENT conference, but also the general call for more contextualisation in entrepreneurship research generally should make this topic broadly appealing.

Furthermore, the interactive comprehensive format will provide an excellent platform for networking activities across national boundaries and levels of experience; at the PDW as well as later in the conference.

Finally, the PDW will provide the participants with a clear set of take-aways in terms of:

  • Update on the state of the research on entrepreneurship and embeddedness
  • Ideas for future research projects and possible collaborations
  • Network contacts for future reference targeted to the topic of the PDW


Carter, S., Mwaura, S., Ram, M., Trehan, K., & Jones, T. (2015). Barriers to ethnic minority and women’s enterprise: Existing evidence, policy tensions and unsettled questions. International Small Business Journal, 33(1), 49-69. doi:doi:10.1177/0266242614556823

Jack, S. L., & Anderson, A. R. (2002). The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(5), 467-487.

Kloosterman, R. C. (2010). Matching opportunities with resources: A framework for analysing (migrant) entrepreneurship from a mixed embeddedness perspective. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 22(1), 25-45. doi:10.1080/08985620903220488

Korsgaard, S., Ferguson, R., & Gaddefors, J. (2015). The Best of Both Worlds: How Rural Entrepreneurs Use Placial Embeddedness and Strategic Networks to Create Opportunities. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 27(9-10), 574-598.

McKeever, E., Jack, S., & Anderson, A. (2015). Embedded entrepreneurship in the creative re-construction of place. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(1), 50-65. doi:

Ram, M., Jones, T., & Villares-Varela, M. (2017). Migrant entrepreneurship: Reflections on research and practice. International Small Business Journal, 35(1), 3-18. doi:doi:10.1177/0266242616678051

Thornton, P. H. (1999). The Sociology of Entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology, 25(ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1999 / Copyright © 1999 Annual Reviews), 19-46. doi:10.2307/223496

Welter, F. (2011). Contextualizing Entrepreneurship—Conceptual Challenges and Ways Forward. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(1), 165-184. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00427.x


How Are We Supporting Entrepreneurs? Research & Practice

How Are We Supporting Entrepreneurs?

– Research & Practice –


Tiago Ratinho, PhD
IÉSEG School of Management



Governments, universities, and policy makers support entrepreneurs because of their asserted economic importance. In the past decades and all around the world, policies have been enabled to create environments conducive to the emergence of new ventures. At the same time, private investors’ interest in investing new ventures increased and many initiatives emerges such as business incubators, business accelerators, as well as dedicated venture capital funds. However, after decades of intense activities and vigorous investments, we know little about the efficacy of entrepreneurship support in increasing startup rates, extending survival of new firms, or accelerating new firm growth.

This workshop aims at collectively explore the issues associated with entrepreneurship support aiming to answer two related questions:

  • What do we know about entrepreneurship support? Building on current efforts by the organizer, participants will be primed with contemporary research on the topic. Tiago is has recently completed a comprehensive systematic literature review on entrepreneurship support using a sample of 122 scholarly articles; he is also working on a piece about new form of organization support based on five cases of entrepreneurship support institutions based in Athens, Greece.

These brief general presentations are intended to trigger discussion among the participants about how entrepreneurship support is understood by academics. We expect the participants will discuss issues such as sources and types of support, delivery mode, evidence-based entrepreneurship, design, and impact assessment.

  • How can we design entrepreneurship support? Based on the discussion about contemporary research findings, the audience will be given time to design an optimal entrepreneurship support source including practical aspects such as selection criteria, types of support delivered, network building, and monitoring performance.

Target group

This workshop will appeal to a large group of participants. Academics will be interested in learning about the latest research about entrepreneurship support. Practitioners, which often include academics who double as business incubator managers, will be attracted to the practical nature of the workshop and the chance to learn as well as offer advice on how to advance research and practice on this topic.

Relation to conference theme

This year’s Rent Conference theme is Relevance in entrepreneurship research, a longstanding unanswered within our community. Entrepreneurship support is the direct application of our academic inquiry and therefore intimately linked to relevance. In the very same tradition of the Humboldtian university, we ideally apply our research findings to supporting entrepreneurs. However, research results suggests that that has not been the case in several instances of entrepreneurship support sources – our workshop will harbor a discussion about how we close this gap.


Tiago Ratinho

Tiago is Assistant Professor in Entrepreneurship at IÉSEG School of Management (Paris/Lille, France). He holds a PhD from the University of Twente having defended his thesis on the impact of business incubation in 2011. His research interests are in the fields of Entrepreneurship, Strategy, and Technology Transfer. Tiago graduated in Industrial Engineering (Évora) and holds a MSc in Engineering Policy and Management of Technology (Lisbon). His research has been published in international journals (e.g. Technovation, Technological Forecasting and Social Change) and international conferences (e.g. Academy of Management Meetings, Babson College Research Conference on Entrepreneurship). Google Scholar page at

Disadvantage Entrepreneurship: from Shadow to the Light

Disadvantage Entrepreneurship: from Shadow to the Light


Adnane Maâlaoui, PSB Paris School of Business, France
Vanessa Ratten, 
La Trobe University, Australia
Alan Carsrud, 
ÅboAkademi University, Finland
Malin Brännback, 
Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Sibylle Heilbrunn, 
Kinneret Academic College, Israel
Thomas M. Cooney, 
Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland



Despite the increased interest in recent years regarding social and gender-based entrepreneurship studies, there remains a significant lack of research relating to the topic of entrepreneurship amongst disadvantaged communities. In 2012, The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation featured a Special Issue on ‘Silent Minorities’ (Vol 13,2) but otherwise entrepreneurship literature has remained relatively quiet on this topic. This PDW will discuss disadvantaged entrepreneurship by exploring what is meant by the term and then taking a broad approach towards its understanding as a research field worthy of more attention. The PDW will additionally consider if entrepreneurship supports the social and economic integration of disadvantaged people through their creation of new enterprises.

For many years, researchers did not believe that any disadvantage might occur because of one’s profile and that all entrepreneurs should be treated as a homogenous group. However, some initial works regarding people suffering from discrimination put forward gender as one of the principal ways that some entrepreneurs were disadvantaged. As proposed by Fischer (1993:151) “liberal feminist theory suggests that women are disadvantaged relative to men due to overt discrimination and/or to systemic factors that deprive them of vital resources like business education and experience”. Previous research had suggested that gender was not a difference in terms of cognitive and intellectual capacities but mainly in terms of access to resources. Therefore, women were considered as one of the most disadvantaged people, not only in terms of employment, but also in terms of socialization and value creation (Marlow and Patton, 2005). Much research has now taken place regarding the additional and distinctive challenges faced by women when starting a business, while more recently significant amounts of research have highlighted the trials faced by immigrant and ethnic entrepreneurs. Collectively the studies on these communities have substantiated the argument that entrepreneurs are not a homogeneous group and that each community is deserving of detailed attention regarding the unique attributes that might influence their ability to start and grow a business.

The term disadvantaged entrepreneurship has also been referred to as inclusive entrepreneurship (OECD Report, 2016) or necessity entrepreneurship (Hart & Acs, 2011), but in this special issue we are also examining the physical, mental, and health conditions of an entrepreneur and how they may help or hinder their entrepreneurial capabilities. Hence, disadvantaged entrepreneurs are namely young people and students (Krueger, Reilly and  Carsrud, 2000), women (Marlow, 2014), seniors (Kautonen, 2008 ;Kautonen et al. 2011; Maâlaoui, et al. 2013, Curran and  Blackburn, 2013), unemployed, immigrants (Aliaga-Isla and Rialp, 2013), ethnic minorities ( Aldrich and Waldinger, 1990 ; Carter et Al, 2015; Dana, 2007; Zhou, 2004), Immigrants ( Nonna et al., 2017), ex-prisoners (Cooney, 2012) and disabled people including those with developmental challenges (Dimic and Orlov, 2014; Logan, 2009; Pagán, 2009). Other types of disadvantaged people are also emerging due to continuous political and economic changes (e.g. refugee entrepreneurs) who are newly classified as disadvantaged (Bernatd, 1976; De Clercq and Honig, 2011).

As suggested by Miller & Miller (2017: 7), some critical drivers of entrepreneurship come in the form of serious life challenges rather than personal advantages and strengths, or favorable contexts”. This PDW aims to better understand the inclusive entrepreneurship literature through the theory of disadvantage by considering different areas of research, such as psychology, sociology and small business. Topics of interests include, but are not limited to:

  • Disadvantage and cultural theory versus disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Entrepreneurial alertness and disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Entrepreneurial motivation and cognitive aspects of disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Entrepreneurial ecosystem of disadvantage entrepreneurs
  • Geography, culture, building network and social capital of disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Social integration of disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Entrepreneurial rebound of disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Financing small business creation by disadvantaged entrepreneurs
  • Innovation, performance and disadvantaged entrepreneurs

The PDW is seeking papers that will offer new insights and knowledge relating to entrepreneurship in disadvantaged communities and will enhance the broader understanding that entrepreneurship is not a ‘one size fits all’ activity.


Aldrich, H. E., & Waldinger, R. (1990). Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology, 16(1), 111-135.

Aliaga-Isla, R., & Rialp, A. (2013). Systematic review of immigrant entrepreneurship literature: previous findings and ways forward. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development25(9-10), 819-844.

Carter, S., Mwaura, S., Ram, M., Trehan, K., & Jones, T. (2015). Barriers to ethnic minority and women’s enterprise: Existing evidence, policy tensions and unsettled questions. International Small Business Journal33(1), 49-69.

Cooney, T.M. (2012) – Reducing Recidivism Through Entrepreneurship Programmes Inside Prison – International Journal for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol 13, No 2, 2012, pp 99–107

Dana, L. P. (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship: A Co-Evolutionary View on Resource Management. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Evans, D. S., & Leighton, L. S. (1989). Some empirical aspects of entrepreneurship. The American Economic Review79(3), 519-535.

Fischer, E. M., Reuber, A. R., & Dyke, L. S. (1993). A theoretical overview and extension of research on sex, gender, and entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing8(2), 151-168.

Kautonen, T., Tornikoski, E. T., & Kibler, E. (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: the impact of perceived age norms. Small Business Economics, 37(2), 219-234.

Krueger, N. F., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5), 411-432.

Levesque, M., & Minniti, M. (2006). The effect of aging on entrepreneurial behavior. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(2), 177-194.

Light, I. (1979). Disadvantaged minorities in self-employment. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 20, 31.

Maâlaoui, A., Castellano, S., Safraou, I., & Bourguiba, M. (2013). An exploratory study of seniorpreneurs: a new model of entrepreneurial intentions in the French context. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 20(2), 148-164.

Marlow, S., & Patton, D. (2005). All credit to men? Entrepreneurship, finance, and gender. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice29(6), 717-735.

Miller, D., & Breton‐Miller, L. (2017). Underdog Entrepreneurs: A Model of Challenge‐Based Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,41(1), 7-17.

Kushnirovich, Nonna, Sibylle Heilbrunn, and Liema Davidovich. “Diversity of Entrepreneurial Perceptions: Immigrants vs. Native Population.” European Management Review (2017).

Stevenson, L. A. (1986). Against all odds: The entrepreneurship of women. Journal of Small Business Management24, 30.

Volery, T. (2007). Ethnic entrepreneurship: a theoretical framework. Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship1, 30-41.

Zhou, M. (2004). Revisiting ethnic entrepreneurship: convergencies, controversies, and conceptual advancements. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1040-1074.


Stream Leaders’ Information

Dr. Adnan Maalaoui is the Head of the chair Entrepreneurship and diversity at Paris School of Business. His researches mainly focus on entrepreneurship issues and especially on disadvantaged entrepreneurs (elderly, refugees, disabled entrepreneurs, etc.). He is interested in topics such as: entrepreneurial intention and cognitive approach to entrepreneurship. He mainly applies those questions to cases of diversity and social entrepreneurship. Adnan Maalaoui is the author of 20+ articles published in academic journals. Likewise, he is the author of articles published in professional journals, and in edited books. Adnane is also the author of a series of French speaking MOOCs on entrepreneurship.

Vanessa Ratten is Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at La Trobe Business School Melbourne Australia. She received her PhD from the UQ Business School, The University of Queensland, Australia. Her research publications include six edited books by Routledge, Springer and Edward Elgar; and publications in journals including Entrepreneurship & Regional Development; Journal of Business Research, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business amongst others. Her main research interests include social entrepreneurship, gender entrepreneurship and international entrepreneurship.

Alan Carsrud is Visiting Research Professor at Åbo Akademi University. He previously was the Loretta Rogers Chair of Entrepreneurship at Ryerson University in Toronto. He is widely published in entrepreneurship, family business, social and clinical psychology. He has nine books and over 225 research papers.

Malin Brännback is Dean and Chair of International Business at Åbo Akademi University where she received her doctoral degree in management science in 1996. She also holds a B.Sc. in pharmacy. Prior to her return to Åbo Aka- demi University in 2003, she served as Associate Professor in Information Systems at University of Turku, and Professor of Marketing at Turku School of Economics where she was head of the Innomarket research unit. She is Docent at the Turku School of Economics where she taught prior to returning to Åbo Akademi and she is Docent at Hanken. She has held a variety of teaching and research positions in such fields as Entrepreneurship, Market Research, Information Systems, International Marketing, Strategic Management and Pharmacy. She has published widely on en- trepreneurship, biotechnology business, and knowledge management. Her current research interests are in entrepreneurial intentionality, entrepreneurial cognition and entrepreneurial growth and performance in technology entrepreneurship.

Sibylle Heilbrunn, Ph.D., is Professor for Organizational Sociology and holds currently the position of Dean of School of Social Sciences and Humanities at Kinneret Academic College in Israel. Formerly she was Head of MA Studies in Immigration and Social Integration at the Ruppin Academic Center. Her research focuses on entrepreneurship of minority and migrant groups, cultural diversity issues and on forms of organizational behavior including perspectives of diversity and multi-culturalism.

Thomas M. Cooney is Professor in Entrepreneurship at the Dublin Institute of Technology, Academic Director of the DIT Institute for Minority Entrepreneurship and Adjunct Professor at the University of Turku (Finland). He is a former President of the International Council for Small Business (2012-13) and of the European Council for Small Business (2009-11), and was Chair of the ICSB 2014 World Entrepreneurship Conference. He was a Member of the Department of Enterprise, Jobs and Innovation ‘Entrepreneurship Forum’ (2013-14) and has been a policy advisor to the Irish Government, European Commission, OECD and other international organisations. He was a founding Director of Startup Ireland and works in various capacities with a range of businesses. He has researched and published widely on the topic of entrepreneurship and further details of his work can be found at